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Acest site a fost elaborat si lansat cu sprijinul IDIS Viitorul - Institutul pentru Dezoltare şi Iniţiative Sociale
 
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Home / Security Sector Reform
Security Sector Reform
18.08.2007
  Reforming the Security Sectors in South Eastern Europe: Lessons Learned and their Relevance for a Wider Black Sea Area Policy
english
After the end of the Cold War, the former Warsaw Pact countries committed themselvesto building democratic institutions of civilian control over their militaries as partof the democratization process. In the early 1990s, that issue loomed high on the reformagenda because of the fear that the oversized armies, perceived as pillars of theformer Socialist state, would seize power and set up dictatorships. Later on, once thebasic framework of democratic control of the armed forces was put in place, new issueswere incorporated under the rubric of security sector reform (SSR)...
Dr. Marian Zulean is an associate professor at the University of Bucharest and adviser in the Romanian Government as well as a member of the PfP Consortium’s Security Sector Reform Working Group.
18.08.2007
  DEMOCRATIC CONTROL OF ARMED FORCES: THE NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL PARLIAMENTARY DIMENSION
english
Democracy takes many forms. The basic notion that governments derive their legitimacy from the freely expressed votes of their citizens is translated in many different parliamentary practices. Even the conceptual distinction of the three main functions of government – legislative, executive and judicial – as defined in Montesquieu’s Trias Politica, seldom resulted in a complete separation of powers. In many countries the members of the executive also sit in parliament. In the US the separation between legislature and executive is the most complete. The President has wide-ranging authority; his ministers are not responsible to Congress.
Dr. Wim F. van Eekelen, Member of the Netherlands Senate Vice-President of NATO Parliamentary Assembly
 
 
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