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Home / "Leader-viitorul" Library
"Leader-viitorul" Library
07.08.2008
  Russia's Borderline Personality
english
Russia behaves in a fundamentally different way. The authors compare Russia's international behavior with the clinical diagnoses of Borderline Personality Disorder. They describe various traits of this disorder with an emphasis on handling those suffering from it.
16.07.2008
  "The List: The World’s 10 Youngest Leaders" by ForeignPolicy.com
If Barack Obama wins the U.S. presidential election in November at the age of 47, he will become one of the youngest Americans to assume the presidency. But Barack would still be older than these guys.
 
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18.08.2007
  MOLDOVA: SITUATION ANALYSIS AND TREND ASSESSMENT
english
During its first decade of independence, Moldova moved toward building democratic institutions, establishing a market economy, and developing cooperation with Western economic, political and military institutions. Moldova become a member of the United Nations, the CSCE/OSCE, joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace programme, and in 1995, become one of the first former Soviet states admitted to the Council of Europe. It also signed and ratified more than 40 international instruments on human rights. Beyond this, Moldova held open parliamentary and presidential elections, which regularly resulted in the replacement of incumbent governments and presidents.
A Writenet Report by Argentina Gribincea and Mihai Grecu commissioned by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Protection Information Section (DIP)
14.08.2007
  Implications of Russia's foreign and security policy on Moldova
english
September 11 and the "war against terrorism" had a great impact on Russia's foreign and security policy. Moscow had not only to re-evaluate its relations with the West, but also to consider the creation of a new strategic concept for its policy in the ‘Near Abroad’. Furthermore, Russia's participation on the Meetings of the North Atlantic Council (NAC) and between NATO Foreign Ministers and the Foreign Ministers of Partner Countries Council of Ministers' in Reykjavik in May 2002 within the new framework of Russian - NATO partnership, as well as November 2002 NATO Summit in Prague with regard to accession of Rumania to the Alliance might affect the strategic environment in which Moldova is placed.
Ella Akerman, Research Associate Scottish Centre for International Security
14.08.2007
  Moldova’s Dilemmas in Democratizing Transnistria
english
Moldovan civil society actors have long been advocating for the need to promote democratization in Transnistria. It seems as if their voice has finally been heard. The Orange revolution in Ukraine brought to power the opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko, one of whose first foreign policy initiatives was to propose a comprehensive plan for settling the Transnistrian conflict. Democratization through the holding of free and fair elections to the new Transnistrian regional assembly under international monitoring is a key element of Yushchenko’s plan.
Dr. Oleh Protsyk, European Centre for Minority Issues
10.07.2007
  Banned in Russia: the politics of georgian wine
english
Russia’s ongoing campaign to intimidate independent-minded governments in its neighborhood has taken a new twist. Targeting Georgia and Moldova, Russia has banned imports of their wines to Russia’s substantial wine market. Any Russian historian would have counseled against this action, as both the images and the results are not what Russia’s new imperialists seek.
Mamuka Tsereteli
10.07.2007
  Promoting Democracy through Civil Society
english
The importance of civil society for democracy and democratisation has become widely acknowledged as part of the post-cold war democratic paradigm. The very concept of civil society re-emerged in political and academic discourse along with the democratic transitions in Central and Eastern Europe in the late 1980s. Since then it has made its way into the democracy promotion policies of all major Western states and organisations. The central role of peaceful civic activity in bringing about political change was reaffirmed by the recent transitions inGeorgia and Ukraine.
Kristi Raik, Researcher at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs
10.07.2007
  The Black Sea and the Frontiers of Freedom
english
A series of historically unprecedented events have brought the attention of the West to the wider Black Sea region — that region including the littoral states of the Black Sea, Moldova, and the Southern Caucasus countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. The successful completion of the anchoring and integration of Central and Eastern European countries stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea in the Euro-Atlantic community marks the end of the grand historical project of the 1990s initiated in the wake of the end of the Cold War.
By Ronald D. Asmus and Bruce P. Jackson
10.07.2007
  Developing a New Euro-Atlantic Strategy for the Black Sea Region: Istanbul Paper #2
english
The idea for this strategy paper grew out of a conversation with Romanian Foreign Minister Mircea Geoana in the spring of 2003. The Prague NATO summit had taken place a few months earlier and Alliance leaders had embraced the idea of a “Big Bang” enlargement involving seven countries stretching from the three Baltic states in the north to Romania and Bulgaria on the Black Sea in the south. In parallel, the European Union was preparing for an equally historic and ambitious round of enlargement that would encompass ten countries. It was the fulfillment of a dream that emerged a decade earlier when the leaders of new democracies of Central and Eastern Europe had set their sights on anchoring themselves to the West by becoming full members of the Euro-Atlantic community and joining both the EU and NATO.
Ronald D. Asmus, Project Director and Rapporteur
02.07.2007
  Bring the phantom republics in from the cold
english
WASHINGTON Three months ago, the presidents of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria celebrated the creation of a new organization, the Community for Democracy and Human Rights. The presidents promised to democratize their governments, protect ethnic minorities and bring peace and prosperity to their countries. But no head of state greeted the new organization, because no one recognizes the existence of these countries. For the past 15 years, these phantom Eurasian states have carved out a de facto existence, with their own economies, parliaments, foreign policies and militaries. The recognized republics from which they have seceded, Georgia and Moldova, insist that they are no more than criminal networks. Things are now coming to a head. Transnistria will hold a formal referendum on independence on Sept. 17. The others will probably follow suit.
Charles KING, Georgetown University
16.03.2007
The First Book on European Lobbying Methodology
The First Book on European Lobbying MethodologyThe contentsChapter VI: The New...
 
Details
21.02.2007
  NGO Sustainability in Central Europe: Helping Civil Society Survive
english
Over the past decade and a half, Western countries, international institutions, and private donors invested vast resources into building a strong and effective civil society in the transition states of Central and South Eastern Europe. Viewed as an indispensable component of a healthy, functioning, modern democracy, newly established civil societyor nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) were provided financial and technical support as a means to gain a foothold in the governance affairs of their respective countries. Some of these organizations succeeded at playing an integral role in the decision-making, capacity building, and/or monitoring activities that helped put their countries ona path to eventually joining the European Union. But now, as much of the foreign money used to finance such organizations begins to dry up or move elsewhere, one of the looming questions in the region is how the civil society sector can be sustained, at least to some acceptable degree.
21.02.2007
  MOLDOVA: CHALLENGING INDIVIDUAL AND REGIONAL WELLFARE. UNDERSTANDING THE POVERTY DYNAMICS IN MOLDOVA
english
Having acquired a brand of the ‘poorest country in Europe’, Moldova is certainly trying desperately to find out an exit strategy from its current difficulties. A Poverty Reduction and Economic Growth Strategy has been adopted in July 2004 by the Government of Moldova in a wide and almost unprecedented participatory process with broad-based stakeholders and civil society to address poverty as its main structural challenge.
Igor Munteanu
21.02.2007
  Lenin's Transdniestrian headquarters Cold-war propaganda wars return
english
SOVIET propagandists were experts in the art of disinformation: planting specious stories in obscure corners of the media, claiming, for example, that the CIA invented AIDS. Now Russia's interests are once again being promoted by information sources that look plausible, at least until you look closely at their antecedents.
20.02.2007
  About Moldova
english
After ten years of independence, the Republic of Moldova is still searching for its identity and feeling unsure of its fate. The country has faced difficult challenges in transforming itself from a Soviet republic to an independent nation. It was one of the first Soviet republics to have a strong independence movement between 1988and 1990, but failed to keep up the momentum in its first years of independence. Like the Baltic republics, Moldova was occupied by the Soviet Army in 1940 following the German-Soviet Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. But unlike the Baltic states, Moldova was not independent between thetwo world wars; instead, it was part of Romania. More importantly,Western countries were slow to provide strong support for Moldova in the early days of independence. Most of the leaders of independent Moldova were so-called reformists from the Communist Party who lacked the visionor will to build a strong, independent state not oriented toward Russia.
20.02.2007
  THE FUTURE OF EUROPEAN UNION
english
The failure of the European Constitutional Treaty in referenda in the Netherlands and France in 2005 led to a determination among European leaders that the time had come for a “moment of reflection.” That moment still seems to be with us. In some respects, it is hard to see exactly how the project of European integration will emerge from this moment prior to the presidential election in France in 2007 and perhaps the arrival on the scene of a successor to British Prime Minister Tony Blair.
Tod Lindberg
19.02.2007
  European Union and the Balkans: enlargement or empire?
english
The crisis of the European Union’s soft power in the aftermath of the French and Dutch rejection of the European constitution could be compared only with the crisis of the American hard power in the aftermath of the occupation of Iraq. The occupation of Iraq demonstrated the limits of American military power and transformed US into imperial power in the Middle East. The crisis with the European constitution risks transformingEU into a reluctant imperial power in the Balkans.
Ivan Krastev
19.02.2007
  Implications of Russia's foreign and security policy on Moldova
english
September 11 and the "war against terrorism" had a great impact on Russia's foreign and security policy. Moscow had not only to re-evaluate its relations with the West, but also to consider the creation of a new strategic concept for its policy in the ‘Near Abroad’. Furthermore, Russia's participation on the Meetings of the North Atlantic Council (NAC) and between NATO Foreign Ministers and the Foreign Ministers of Partner Countries Council of Ministers' in Reykjavik in May 2002 within the new framework of Russian - NATO partnership, as well as November 2002 NATO Summit in Prague with regard to accession of Rumania to the Alliance might affect the strategic environment in which Moldova is placed. At first glance it seems that in the light of these developments, Russo-Moldovan relations have gained a new political momentum, not least through the signature of the Friendship and Co-operation Treaty in November 2001. However, it remains questionable in how far the new Russian foreign policy has a real impact on Moldova in the short and long-term.
Ella Akerman Research Associate
19.02.2007
  The Belgian Curtain Europe after Communism
english
Sam Vaknin, Ph.D.
19.02.2007
  GOOD GOVERNANCE AND THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM
english
There is ample evidence today that sustainable growth is heavily dependent on the quality of governance in a particular country. One of the most complete such evaluations, conducted on 175 states, aggregating the main cross-country measurements produced by various organizations, reports a strong and positive causal link between the quality of policies and administration on the one hand, and economic performance on the other1. But even more interesting, the authors report a weak and negative causation running in the opposite direction, from per capita income togovernance, after the first positive effect is controlled for.
Sorin Ioniţă – Issue paper for the IPF program
 
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