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Prima / Biblioteca "Leader-viitorul" / The European Parliament adopted a new resolution on Human rights violations in the Republic of Moldova's Transnistria
21.07.2007
The European Parliament adopted a new resolution on Human rights violations in the Republic of Moldova's Transnistria
The European Parliament
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P6_TA-PROV(2007)0358
 
Human rights violations in the Republic of Moldova
 
PE 393.007
 
European Parliament resolution of 12 July 2007 on human rights violations in Transnistria (Republic of Moldova) 
 
The European Parliament,
 
– having regard to its previous resolutions on the situation in the Republic of Moldova, and in Transnistria in particular[1],
– having regard to the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union, which entered into force on 1 July 1998,
– having regard to the Action Plan for the Republic of Moldova adopted by the seventh EU-Moldova Cooperation Council meeting on 22 February 2005,
– having regard to the interim resolution adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 1 March 2006 concerning the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) of 8 July 2004 in the case of Ilaşcu and others against Moldova and Russia,
– having regard to the Declarations of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) at the 1999 Summit in Istanbul and the 2002 Ministerial Council meeting in Porto,
– having regard to the Geneva Conventions for the protection of war victims of 12 August 1949,
– having regard to Rule 115(5) of its Rules of Procedure,
 
A. whereas the 1992 war in the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova led to the establishment of a separatist, illegitimate and authoritarian regime in the region; the situation of the frozen conflict persists and human rights violations continue to be gross and widespread;
 
B. whereas no final solution has yet been found to the Transnistrian conflict despite the above-mentioned international decisions, which leads to the continued deterioration of respect for human rights in the region;
 
C. whereas the latest example of human rights violations in Transnistria  is the case of Tudor Popa and Andrei Ivanţoc, who were subjected to degrading treatment and were prohibited from returning to their homes;
 
D. whereas the arrest and detention on charges of terrorism of all the members of the so-called Ilașcu group represented an illegal act of the Transnistrian separatist regime, and did not meet international standards in relation to principles of a fair trial, the rule of law, respect for the rights of prisoners and prevention of torture and inhuman treatment;
 
E. whereas the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) of 8 July 2004 in the case of Ilaşcu and others against Moldova and Russia has not yet been implemented and has been completely ignored by the Transnistrian  separatist regime;
 
F. whereas the serious violations of human rights in Transnistria continue, particularly leading to the denial of the rights of Romanians with the closure of Romanian-language schools and the profanation of a Romanian cemetery in Transnistria, as well as the violation of the political rights and liberties of the entire population living in the area, resulting in widespread trafficking in human beings and organised crime;
 
G. whereas the decisions of the OSCE Summit in Istanbul of 1999 and the OSCE Ministerial Council in Oporto 2002 have still not been implemented;
 
H. whereas the European Union took important steps to enhance its engagement with the Republic of Moldova and the search for a resolution of the Transnistrian conflict by opening a permanent European Commission delegation in Chisinau, appointing an EU Special Representative (EUSR) for the Republic of Moldova with a mandate to contribute to a sustainable settlement of the Transnistrian conflict and establishing an EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM) to the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine,
 
I. whereas negotiations concerning Transnistria, a region of the Republic of Moldova, have been ongoing since 1992, in the so called '5+2' Format, in which the Republic of Moldova, the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation, Ukraine and the OSCE have participated; whereas the EU and the United States of America became observers in 2005; whereas in April 2006 the negotiations broke down,
 
J. having regard to the Republic of Moldova's European aspirations and the fact that the situation in Transnistria is taking place in the immediate neighbourhood of the EU; recognising the territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova and calling on all parties to work as a political priority for the reunification of the State;
 
1. Strongly deplores the lack of respect for human rights and human dignity in Transnistria, as reflected by the trial and detention of the Ilaşcu Group, the denial of the liberties of the population living in that area, ignoring the right to access to information and education, resulting in widespread trafficking in human beings and organised crime;
 
2. Welcomes the release of Andrei Ivanţoc and Tudor Popa, but deplores the fact that their release by the separatist regime of Tiraspol was declared as resulting from the expiry of their term of imprisonment, and not due to the implementation of the decision of the ECHR; condemns the fact that Andrei Ivanţoc was subjected to violence and attacks on his human dignity upon his release, as film footage taken by witnesses to his release testifies;
 
3. Condemns the continued repression, harassment and intimidation of representatives of the independent media, NGOs and civil society by the Transnistrian separatist regime;
 
4. Demands the cessation of deprivation of freedom of persons for political activity; in this respect condemns the arrest on 2 June 2007 and subsequent treatment of Valentin Besleag, a mayoral candidate in legitimate local elections in Corjova;
 
5. Calls for a rapid and final settlement to the frozen conflict in Transnistria, which will secure democracy and respect for human rights throughout the entire territory of the Republic of Moldova, in accordance with international principles;
 
6. Emphasises the EU's firm commitment to the territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova; points out that the illegitimate regime of Tiraspol has no authority to stop citizens of the Republic of Moldova from entering the territory of the left bank of the Nistru river and has no authority to issue 'persona non-grata' decisions;
 
7. Calls on the Commission and the Council to envisage measures of greater and comprehensive involvement in the process of negotiation and of solving the above-mentioned conflict; notes the successful joint EU border mission with Ukraine based in Odessa and calls on the Government of Ukraine to continue its support for the mission;
 
8. Calls for a greater involvement of the EU in solving this conflict in its immediate neighbourhood, including the enhancement of the EU’s status to that of a negotiating partner;
 
9. Reminds all parties that the separatist regime of Transnistria allows organised crime, including trafficking in arms and in human beings, smuggling and money laundering activities to flourish; points out that this constitutes a considerable risk to the stability of the region;
 
10. Calls for the immediate and full implementation of the conclusions of the OSCE Summit in Istanbul of 1999 and the OSCE Ministerial Council in Porto 2002 and the judgment of the ECHR of 8 July 2004 in the case of Ilaşcu and others against Moldova and Russia; calls on the EU to raise the issue of the withdrawal of the Russian troops from Transnistria within the framework of EU-Russia relations;
 
11. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Commission, the Council, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the government and parliament of the Republic of Moldova, the government and parliament of Russia and the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe.
 
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[1] See, for instance, Parliament's resolutions of 23 October 2006, P6_TA(2006)0455, and of 16 March 2006, OJ C 291 E, 30.11.2006, p. 336.

 
Prima / Biblioteca "Leader-viitorul" / The European Parliament adopted a new resolution on Human rights violations in the Republic of Moldova's Transnistria
 
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