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  BETWEEN TWO ERAS by Ognyan Minchev
The collapse of the financial markets, Barack Obama’s election as US president, the energy crisis – everything around us indicates that we are on the cusp of a new era. How we define and assess the achievements of the recent past will largely determine our view of the world as we face the challenges of our future. And so the forces of the past are actively trying to take over the debate on the future.
  The EU's Sovereign Neighbours Nicu Popescu
The EU has an almost annual ritual of mending its often-criticised policy towards its eastern neighbours - the so-called European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) -- through various upgrades such as the 'New Ostpolitik', the ENP Plus, enhanced ENP, Black Sea Synergy and, most recently, the Eastern...
  Georgia in NATO—it Just Makes Sense David J. Smith*
NATO foreign ministers will meet in Brussels today to, in the words of the April 3 NATO Bucharest Summit Statement, "make a first assessment" on Georgia's quest for membership of the alliance.  In the aftermath of Russia's August attack on Georgia, a Membership Action Plan (MAP) is not...
  "Geneva:1936" by David J. Smith
româna / english
A Russian diplomatic landmine exploded international talks on the future of the Georgian territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia last week in Geneva. Moscow’s plan was simple: insist that the world accept what it refuses to accept—treatment of the two Georgian territories as independent—and thereby bust the conference. Constructive talk is not in Russia’s interest, and Moscow is still betting that it just may get away with its August assault on Georgia.
  The Kremlin’s Achilles’ Heel
by Dumitru Minzarari29 August 2008Western powers must show more conviction if they want to keep Moldova and Ukraine from being the next Georgia.CHISINAU | As always in times of crisis, the West is striving to assemble its scattered voices into an organized chorus. That, however, is easier said than...
  Russia, Georgia, and the Return of Power Politics
I will focus my remarks on the events leading up to the conflict, including Russia’s obstructionist role in the international mediation efforts on Abkhazia and South Ossetia; Russia’s provocative actions towards Georgia; and U.S. policy towards Georgia, Russia, and Russia’s periphery in the aftermath of this conflict.
ECFR Policy Brief: Can the EU win the peace in Georgia?
The EU has established itself as the main diplomatic broker in theconflict between Russia and Georgia. It should use this position tohelp forge a positive peace from a war which threatens the foundationsof the European security order. Russia has used its conflict withGeorgia to display its military power, reclaim a sphere of influenceand frighten its neighbours. Rather than looking for punitivemeasures, the EU should respond to Russia's demonstration of forcewith much stronger engagement for democracy, prosperity and securityin the broader region - keeping tough measures towards Moscow on thetable if Russia resists.
Report on the assessment of public perception regarding tehe proces of european integration and implementation of EUMAP
româna / english
Political Economy of “Frozen Conflicts” in ex-Soviet States: Challenges and Prospects for the U.S. and Russia
Dr. Ceslav Ciobanu - VSU Eminent Scholar, Associate Professor of Economics, Ambassador (ret.),Senior Research Scholar, Center for Security and Science
  Identity conflicts
by Iulian Chifu
  CEPS Policy Brief
The central recommendation of the Amato report of April 20051 set the year 2014 as the target accession date for the whole of the WesternBalkans, which would take the EU from the 27 (in 2007 or 2008) to 32 member states minimally, 33 with Turkey, and 35 in the event of independence for Montenegro and Kosovo. This scenario is in contradiction with the present mood of the EU following the French and the Dutch referenda, which rejected the Constitution that was itself designed to pave the way institutionally for further enlargement. The EU has now officially entered a period of profound reflection on its future, a process which cannot be hurried.
By Michael Emerson(No. 85)
  CEPS Policy Brief
It so happens that the epicentre of the EU’s referenda earthquake – by way of its external impact – has now been located exactly in the middle of the Black Sea. Paradoxically, this comes at the same time that the region hasbegun to show signs of possibly getting a gripon itself.
No. 79/July 2005
  POLICY Review The “Soft War” for Europe’s East
Policy Review is a publication of the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. Copyright 2006 by the Board of the Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to reprint up to 50 copies for classroom or nonprofit use. For other reprint permission, contact Policy Review, Reprints Department, 21 Dupont Circle NW, Suite 310, Washington DC 20036 or by email
By Bruce P. Jackson No 137.
  CEPS Working Document Moldova’s Convergence with the acquis A Pro-Growth and Pro-Integration Strategy
The enlargement of the EU and the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) have revived the debate in the ‘neighbourhood countries’ around the need to converge legislation with EU internal rules and regulations, known as the acquis communautaire. The political incentive of accession to the EU, which has driven legal approximation in new EU member states, is missing for ENP countries. Yet, in the case of countries like Moldova, the cost of non-compliance is significant and translates into loss of existing export markets (e.g. in Romania) and the inability to expand into new markets (SEE countries and the EU). The situation is made still worse by a poor level of economic governance. As convergence with theacquis is a huge task, the key challenge for ENP countries is to determine the priorities, sequence and degree of legal approximation. This paper argues that the optimum degree and appropriate pace ofconvergence need to be driven by economic rationale and the development of the trade potential of the country. Thus, to secure benefits and avoid high costs for the economy, the legal approximation agendawill be moving along clearly identified economic integration scenarios, i.e. achieving a functioning market economy; taking full advantage of EU trade preferences (GSP and APTs), preparing for an FTA with the EU and, over a considerable number of years, gradually achieving a stake in the EU’s Internal Market.
Oxana Gutu Studies No. 238/March 2006
  The revival of bilateral relations for building an European environment
The colored revolutions in the post soviet space – rose for Georgia, orange for Ukraine and red-ish for the convictions of the communist president and the establishment in Chisinau – has offered an unique window of opportunity for reshaping a friendly framework for the re-launch of confidence building, trust and fair play in the Black Sea Region. It is big time for all the countries to rediscover the gains and use of bilateral relations for building and European environment of understanding in the region and rejecting all matters of dividing by a mature, direct and fair address of all the delicate issues.
Iulian Chifu
  Studies&Analyses Polish best practices on European integration process - recommendations for Moldova
Moldova unilaterally declares its EU membership aspirations and started the process of economic, legal and institutional approximation targeted at establishing free market economy, stable democratic institutions and sound legal system. In the paper the authors made an attempt to assess the competitive and institutional capacity of Moldova in the context of EU membership requirements. It presents Polish achievements in European integration process as a CEE successful way towards full membership. Thepaper is devoted to transfer know how on Polish experience in EU integration at first stages of the process, with the emphasis on assessment of fulfillment of Copenhagen criteria and the role of association stage in the integration process as a whole. Basing on Poland's example, it provides the recommendations for Moldova on possible ways of integration with the EU so that Moldovan economy and society would be able to benefit most from the process - in other words, to successfully conclude the transformation of economy and adjust law and state institutions to European standards.
W a r s a w , J u n e 2 0 0 5
  Studies&Analyses The economics of the 'European Neighbourhood Policy': An initial assessment
Materials published here have a working paper character. They can be subject to further publication. The views and opinions expressed here reflect the author(s) point of view and not necessarily those of the CASE.The paper was prepared for the international conference "Europe after the Enlargement", organized by CASE
Center for Social and Economic Research in Warsaw on April 8-9, 2005.
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